The first thing I thought was, "How sad that so few people are given the opportunity. If more people were given the appropriate feedback early on about their own capacities and worth, this kind of functionalizing of young minds would be the baseline of education and not the one in a billion pot-shot it comes across as. We're totally selling ourselves short by shoveling Harry Potter and prom flower ribbons down our kids throats.
And for fuck's sake people NO, a teenage girl did not just singlehandedly cure cancer. There is absolutely zero chance that she has a working understanding of quantum mechanical wave equation interpretations for molecular orbitals underpinning protein formation, let alone cell development and receptor pathways for the thousands of types of cells and their reproductive signaling constructs.
The confounding issues of differentiating between self and non-self, histocompatibility and regulatory mechanism compatibility Medical doctors and academic researchers spend careers scratching at the surface of extremely narrow cases, and rarely find purchase on topics that are universally generalizable. Most all of them never produce replicable experimental designs towards deepening knowledge, just tiny slivers of insight into particular scenarios.
If this girl actually did run across the magic words and concepts that produced something workable, it is still extremely disingenuous to describe her as a "high school student" What you would be seeing is the triumph of home-schooling, autodidacticism, private tutoring, mentoring, nepotism, etc If everyone had to "get it" before the class could move on, this kind of student performance would be impossible. Frequently, when a person under 20 accomplishes something noteworthy in the world, it is a direct result of the influence of parents, teachers, coaches, and others in their lives, not of their own action.
It's just too hard to figure out all that stuff on your own, at the same time you are figuring out life in general. Well like all research it of course builds upon work from others. Those PhD researchers themselves usually work in a team, exchanging ideas and work results, in the process teaching each other about various aspects of the work, giving each other new suggestions on how to do stuff, etc.
Sometimes the view of an outsider can be very enlightening. To move on in research and make new discoveries, someone has to come up with a new idea, and that someone or someone else has to work out that idea. That idea may appear to be a little improvement, later unexpectedly working out to something great. Indeed in this case I wouldn't be surprised if it works out roughly like that: experienced researcher walks around with various ideas in his head, gets a student assistant, and then gives that student assistant one of those ideas to work out.
And then this happens to be a smart student that gets a promising idea to work on which actually works out surprisingly well. It's a good question, but it's not too hard to imagine that while standing on the shoulders of giants, she spotted something he missed. Would she have spotted it without him? Definitely not. Would he have spotted it without her?
Perhaps not. It is often a lot easier for someone with a different perspective to spot something new when you've been staring at it for 20 years. Or if nothing else, to ask questions that challenge assumptions you've built over the years. Now, I do not really like to be a cynic, but I just cannot imagine that big pharma will put up the money to actually cure something.
There just is not the same profit margin as there is for treatments. Perhaps, you say, a small company could put this on the market. I say, no chance. Not for lack of want, but for lack of money. The way that the FDA is setup, it costs hundreds of millions to bring a new medication onto the market.
No small company could foot the bill. Perhaps someone else knows of a way for a small firm to do it, but I cannot think of it. Still, I hope I am wrong. EU also has very strict requirements on allowing medication or treatments onto the market. No clue how much it costs, other than that it's very expensive and requires a lot of testing to be done to see whether it's safe and effective. Small firms will have to get venture capital on board. That part is actually relatively easy in the US, there is a lot of such capital available.
And I'm sure there are plenty of people who are more than willing to invest in promising "cure for cancer" research even if they wou. There is no truth to it. It is a combination of the general anti-corporate whining some people like to do and the badly misinformed position of more or less thinking anything you don't know how to do must be easy. In medicine it is a particular problem since not that long ago, there were a lot of advances and simple solutions. Once humanity got an understanding of cellular life and infections and all that, there were massive advanced made pretty easy. Hell you sterilize an operating room and give a patient post-op penicillin and it was amazing how many problems just didn't happen anymore.
Thing is, that time is gone. We've solved the simple medical problems. We are getting on to the much harder ones. As such dealing with them is more difficult. You have some things like herpes. Not a major health issue, but a tough one to deal with. Normal immunization procedures won't work. Well viral immunization works by introducing something to the body, generally a dead or weakened strain of the virus, that the body can see and learn to fight off safely. That is also why they don't work post-infection.
Your body already had the virus and learned how to fight it. Thing is, with herpes you do have it, it stays with you. So the body has it, but can't learn to fight it. Means introducing it would do fuck-all. Have to work something else out. Or things like cancer or autoimmune diseases where the body -IS- the problem. It is attacking itself. It isn't an outside agent that you could try and find a way to eliminate, the body has turned on itself for some reason. Makes elimination much harder. But people aren't informed.
They think it is just the evil companies that could magically cure all this, if only they weren't so greedy. Not at all the case. We are dealing with hard problems, and they'll only get harder. The more ills that we solve, the harder the remaining ones will be to solve. The big pharma you rant and rave about has also released a vaccine to prevent the most common forms of HPV. I'm sure there are plenty of other examples where you would be correct but you just happen to be cmpletely wrong with this one. To make it an even worse example, the HPV vaccine is being held up by some as an example of the price gouging by US companies because despite their costs being equal or less than every other place for that product they ch.
Just because a compound was licensed doesn't mean that it is without development cost. Drug companies pay tons of money to license compounds that don't work out and don't make a dime. When they do work out they need to reco. It only takes one of them to break ranks. If you've got 10 "big pharma" companies all selling "treatments", each one will get roughly one tenth of a never ending money train. If you have 9 companies producing "treatments", and one selling a real life miracle cure, you'll have one company selling their product quicker than they can make it, and nine selling bugger all.
Assuming you don't have a cartel in place which is a big assumption to make , capitalism should in theory force the companies to race each ot. While they do make an industry, these companies are in competition with each other. One company, regardless of their feelings towards the other, just wants to make the most money. I can't imagine a pharmaceutical company passing up the opportunity to be the company that cured cancer.
Their company name would become instantly household recognizable. I imagine that currently one company does not get all the cancer patient's business, but if they had the freakin' cure that would change. When trying to cure your. Well, then stop ranting and read the summary of her work? How stupid can one be?
Knowing that others "did the same", citing them, pointing to the wikipedia article Her particles are not ment to CURE. Do you think the "guy" who gave it her is a "complete idiot"? Did you even notice who "the guy. One other point: this student attends Oak Ridge High School.
How much do you bet she has a parent or at least a close adviser who works at Oak Ridge National Lab within their biological systems division. Project Summary: This project is based on a novel nanoplatform that is comprised of an iron oxide nanoparticle core, an amine-rich intermediate layer, and an outside coating layer made of human serum albumin.
In this project, the iron oxide nanoplatform is loaded with a cocktail of therapeutic agents paclitaxel, salinomycin, and tariquidar or siRNA that targets MDR-1 gene and is used to treat breast cancer. Note that Dr. Xie was working at the same Stanford lab as the girl. Anyone want to place any bets on which one of them was responsible for this project? Of course, bad reporting isn't surprising; we can't expect a reporter to take the time to google "magnetic nanoparticle cancer treatment imaging stanford" and spend a few minutes looking through the results, or some similar feat of heroic investigative super-journalism.
No, the interesting thing to me is how when anyone tries to point out that the story is stupid and inaccurate, people invariably freak out and accuse you of being jealous etc. It seems that a great many people can't distinguish between criticizing the child vs. TFA is sparse on tech details.
So how exactly nano-particles know if a cell is cancerous or not? Some very sparse details on the GWU site [gwu. In her project, Angela aimed to design a targeted gold and iron oxide-based nanoparticle with the potential to eradicate cancer stem cells through a controlled delivery of the drug salinomycin to the site of the tumor. Targeting the nanotubes solely to cancer cells is the major challenge in advancing the therapy, Curley says.
Research is under way to bind the nanotubes to antibodies, peptides or other agents that in turn target molecules expressed on cancer cells. To complicate matters, most such molecules also are expressed in normal tissue. Nanoparticles are so small they are measured in nanometers a nanometer is a millionth of a millimeter ; many have diameters in the range of 5— nm. At that size, the particles are small enough to evade uptake by the liver and spleen, enabling them to stay in the bloodstream longer.
Migrate from GitHub to SourceForge quickly and easily with this tool. This discussion has been archived. No new comments can be posted. More Login. Lousy t-shirt Score: 5 , Funny. Share twitter facebook linkedin. The motivational teachings involved in many different religions help to keep their hopes high, diverting attention away from themselves to the religious rituals or beliefs. Moreover, religious groups can also offer community support and solidarity [ 60 ]. For both religious and non-religious individuals, nurse-counseling service and voluntary organizations support can also help to reduce distress associated with breast cancer diagnosis and treatment [ 56 , 61 ].
Patients are likely to be on long-term leave while recovering from treatment. Some patients may inevitably feel a sense of emptiness following a sudden break from their hectic work. Some forms of recreation include watching drama, going on excursions or trips, engaging in music therapy, pet therapy, or art therapy. Randomized controlled trials conducted on cancer patients have shown that music and art therapy are effective in reducing emotional distress and enhancing psychological well-being [ 62 , 63 ]. Following treatment, breast cancer patients may suffer from physical side effects such as lymphedema, post-mastectomy pain syndrome, and post-chemotherapy cognitive impairment [ 64 ].
There may also be a persistent fear of cancer recurrence.
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It is hence imperative that doctors and patients work together to develop a personalized follow-up care plan for the coming months and years, so as to maintain good health, manage side effects, and monitor for cancer recurrence in both the native site and in other parts of the body. This could include scheduled doctor visits, mammograms, gynecological examinations, bone density exams, and others.
In the management of breast cancer, the use of tools such as Mammaprint and oncotype DX could also assist in predicting the risk of recurrence and making treatment decisions. Some of these tested genes are associated with proliferation e. Furthermore, if a patient has a hereditary breast cancer, the management may vary in genetic testing. In hereditary breast cancer patients with abnormal BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutations, other female relatives may also be at risk of developing not just breast cancer, but also ovarian and other cancers.
These genes have been selected to be included in the panel of genes for genetic testing and some of these commercially available tests include BreastNext and Myriad myRisk [ 69 ]. In addition, while males are not as susceptible as females for breast cancer, those with a positive family history have a greater chance of contracting breast cancer, compared to other males in the general population [ 70 ].
Therefore, the family members of breast cancer patients with susceptibility genes, both male and female, may need to be counseled with respect to the risks of developing cancers associated with relevant genetic mutations. Besides genetic testing and counseling, psychosocial support may also be offered to such families.
It should be noted that women with positive family histories of breast cancer tend to have a heightened sense of anxiety [ 71 ]. Appropriate genetic education and counseling would thus enable family members to fully appreciate the inherent uncertainty and implications behind genetic testing. Patients may also worry about whether they can integrate back into the workplace and society after being on treatment for long periods of time.
This is where support groups may prove to be beneficial. They may find solace in meeting people sharing similar situations as theirs and hearing from those who have recovered psychologically from breast cancer. Similarly, the Japanese breast cancer patients' association, Akebono-kai [ 73 ], helps women with breast cancer return to a normal life after treatment. In addition to providing social support, the Breast Cancer Care in the United Kingdom [ 74 ] also provides comprehensive information and education on coping with cancer.
Patients with advanced cancer may require long-term treatment while those with terminal cancer would require end-of-life care. The specific needs of these patient groups are not explored in this review. However, it must be noted that holistic needs care by the oncologist care team and the community is just as important, if not even more critical in determining quality of life for such patients. Unlike in the past, breast cancer is not necessarily a death sentence. The past two decades have seen major advances in new surgical techniques, radiation approaches, and drugs for breast cancer, making it a physical illness that can potentially be fully cured.
With such advances, the focus today should perhaps be on healing the patient holistically, taking into consideration their psychological, social, and spiritual well-being, and sometimes even treating the family too. Many hospitals are striving towards this goal by instituting a better holistic needs assessment and holistic care programs. Hence, for breast cancer patients, the diagnosis may be initially overwhelming, but the journey and nursing back to health need not be a lonely one. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Healthcare Basel v. Healthcare Basel. Published online May Find articles by Zhi Xuan Ng.
Find articles by Mei Shan Ong. Find articles by Tamilarasi Jegadeesan. Find articles by Shuo Deng. Celestial T. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Received Jan 25; Accepted Apr This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Breast cancer patients face challenges throughout the journey of diagnosis, treatment, post-treatment, and recovery. Keywords: breast cancer, holistic needs, cancer survivorship.
Epidemiology and Classification of Breast Cancer Breast cancer, a heterogeneous disease in its development and progression, remains the most prevalent female cancer diagnosed worldwide. Diagnosis and Treatment Screening via diagnostic imaging technologies such as mammogram, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging MRI , and tissue biopsy allows for early detection and diagnosis of breast cancer. Holistic Needs The well-being of a cancer patient is determined by how well her physical, social, psychological, emotional, and spiritual needs are being met.
Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Holistic Needs at Time of Diagnosis For many people, the diagnosis of a malignant breast cancer induces a feeling of dread and fear. Table 1 The five stages of grief experienced by breast cancer patients. Stages Description Denial The first reaction to a malignant diagnosis is to deny the reality [ 37 ].
It is a temporary defense mechanism protecting one against the shock of a debilitating event [ 41 ]. Anger As an individual is eventually forced to face the truth, she starts to question why this is happening to her, and who is to blame [ 37 ]. She experiences intense pain and helplessness that manifest as anger directed to those around them [ 41 ]. During this stage, people around them may develop emotional resentments which could worsen their relationship. Bargaining The individual focuses on what she or others could have done differently to prevent the cancer from occurring.
She imagines how much better life could have been without cancer. She may also make a pact with God in the hope that life could go back to the times before the diagnosis [ 37 ]. While such thoughts may help the individual to accept the diagnosis, it could lead to an intense sense of guilt. Depression After accepting cancer as inevitable, the individual feels a sense of emptiness and profound sadness [ 37 ].
She may see no meaning in doing anything. While many people seek to avoid settling into this state, it is important to recognize depression as a natural response to a great loss.
One has to let herself face her emotions upfront and feel her grief fully before she can recover completely. This stage should not be rushed and different individuals may spend varying amounts of time in this stage [ 41 ]. Acceptance Acceptance may follow depression, as the individual decides that she is ready to accept what has happened [ 37 ]. She may not be completely alright with it, but she is willing to make adjustments and learn to live with it. Holistic Needs during Treatment 5. Managing Physical Side Effects Following tumor resection or mastectomy, many patients undergo chemotherapy to eliminate residual cancer cells.
Professional Advice from Cancer Care Team With a multitude of information available online and differing advice from well-intentioned family and friends, patients are often at a loss regarding which suggestions to follow. Exercises Targeted exercise is an important part of physiotherapy and rehabilitation for breast cancer survivors. Complementary Medicine Many people use complementary and alternative medicine CAM while they are on conventional treatment.
Managing Psychological Stresses In addition to suffering from debilitating physical side effects, having to take a long break from work brings up another issue of job and financial insecurity, as patients worry about the possibility of losing their jobs. Social Support An effective social support for cancer patients has been shown by numerous studies to be effective in reducing the negative impact of diagnosis and treatment and promoting psychological well-being [ 57 , 58 ].
Spiritual Care Patients may find solace and assurance from the knowledge that a higher power exists. Recreation Patients are likely to be on long-term leave while recovering from treatment. Holistic Needs after Treatment Following treatment, breast cancer patients may suffer from physical side effects such as lymphedema, post-mastectomy pain syndrome, and post-chemotherapy cognitive impairment [ 64 ].
PDF Slaying the Cancer Giant with the Word of God: An Autobiography of a Cancer Survivor
Conclusions Unlike in the past, breast cancer is not necessarily a death sentence. Author Contributions All authors contributed to the writing of the paper. Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflicts of interest. References 1. Torre L. Cancer J. Tao Z.
- Supervision in Teacher Education: A Counselling and Pedagogical Approach.
- Fragile Angel.
- Slaying the Cancer Giant with the Word of God : An Autobiography of a Cancer Survivor.
BC: Epidemiology and etiology. Cell Biochem. Singletary S. Rating the risk factors for BC. McPherson K. BC—Epidemiology, risk factors, and genetics. Verma R. Pathological and epidemiological factors associated with advanced stage at diagnosis of BC. BC Res. Antoniou A.
Average risks of breast and ovarian cancer associated with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations detected in case series unselected for family history: A combined analysis of 22 studies. Thank you for subscribing We have more newsletters Show me See our privacy notice. Like us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter. Follow DailyMirror. Show more comments. Science all Most Read Most Recent. The Moon UK will send four-legged rover to the moon in 'to see what is available there' The world's smallest robotic moon rover, with legs not wheels, will be part of the first set of payloads to be sent to the astronomical body.
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